Official name: Swiss Confederation
Schweizerische Eidgenossenschaft in German
Location: Central Europe
Date of adoption: 1889
The Swiss flag is a red square with a white Greek cross in the center. The size of the cross has undergone many changes. At first, the arms of the cross were narrow and wide, reaching to the edge of the cloth, as in the flags of the Scandinavian countries.
The colors date back to the Holy Roman Empire and the design of the flag has its origins in the wars of the end of the fourteenth century. When going into battle, it was common for soldiers to sew a white cross on their uniforms as a sign of recognition.